Note: This unit version is currently under review and is subject to change!

AERO4560: Flight Mechanics 2 (2019 - Semester 2)

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Unit: AERO4560: Flight Mechanics 2 (6 CP)
Mode: Normal-Day
On Offer: Yes
Level: Senior Advanced
Faculty/School: School of Aerospace, Mechanical & Mechatronic Engineering
Unit Coordinator/s: Dr Vio, Gareth
Session options: Semester 2
Versions for this Unit:
Site(s) for this Unit: https://canvas.sydney.edu.au/courses/16812
Campus: Camperdown/Darlington
Pre-Requisites: AERO3560 AND AMME3500.
Brief Handbook Description: This unit aims to develop an understanding of the application of flight mechanics principles to modern aircraft systems. Students will gain skills in problem solving in the areas of dynamic aircraft behaviour, aircraft sensitivity to wind gusts, control systems development and aircraft handling analysis.

At the end of this unit students will be able to: understand the nature of an aircraft's response to control inputs and atmospheric disturbances, including the roles of the various modes of motion; analyse an aircraft's response to control inputs in the frequency domain using Laplace Transforms and Transfer Function representations; represent and model wind gust distributions using stochastic methods (Power Spectral Density); analyse an aircraft's response to disturbances (wind gust inputs) by combining Transfer Function representations with gust PSD's; understand the principles of stability augmentation systems and autopilot control systems in aircraft operation, their functions and purposes; understand basic feedback control systems and classical frequency domain loop analysis; understand the characteristics of closed loop system responses; understand the characteristics of PID, Lead, Lag and Lead-Lag compensators, and to be competent in designing suitable compensators using Bode and Root-locus design techniques; design multi-loop control and guidance systems and understand the reasons for their structures.
Assumed Knowledge: AMME2500 develops the basic principles of engineering mechanics and system dynamics that underpin this course. AERO3560 Flight Mechanics 1 develops the specifics of aircraft flight dynamics and stability. AMME3500 Systems control covers basic system theory and control system synthesis techniques.
Lecturer/s: Giannelis, Nicholas
Timetable: AERO4560 Timetable
Time Commitment:
# Activity Name Hours per Week Sessions per Week Weeks per Semester
1 Lecture 3.00 2 13
2 Tutorial 2.00 1 13
3 Independent Study 6.00 13
4 Laboratory 2.00 1 1
T&L Activities: Tutorial: Tutorials average 2 hrs per week and are conducted in the computer laboratory. These involve instruction on methods and approaches to solution of assessable problems.

Independent Study: Problem based learning via solution of assessable problems. On the basis of 1 hr per week per CP.

Laboratory: Flight simulation laboratory in the AMME VSFS involving demonstration of flight control system stability and performance. This is experiential learning used to reinforce problem based learning of problems associated with assignments.

Note: This laboratory is to be done towards the end of Semester 1 subject to availability of the simulator.

Learning outcomes are the key abilities and knowledge that will be assessed in this unit. They are listed according to the course goal supported by each. See Assessment Tab for details how each outcome is assessed.

(7) Project and Team Skills (Level 3)
1. Develop the ability to work as a member of a team and to take responsibility for the meeting of project goals and completion of project sub-tasks. To communicate with team members to negotiate strategies to satisfy project requirements.
(6) Communication and Inquiry/ Research (Level 3)
2. Programme in Matlab to analyse dynamic aircraft behaviour, aircraft sensitivity to wind gusts, control system development and aircraft handling analysis.
3. Develop skills in the preparation and presentation of analytical and design reports to standards expected in industry.
(2) Engineering/ IT Specialisation (Level 5)
4. To understand the nature of an aircraft’s response to control inputs and atmospheric disturbances, including the roles of the various modes of motion.
5. To analyse an aircraft’s response to control inputs in the frequency domain using Laplace Transforms and Transfer Function representations.
6. To be able to represent and model wind gust distributions using stochastic methods (Power Spectral Density). To analyse an aircraft’s response to disturbances (wind gust inputs) by combining Transfer Function representations with gust PSD’s.
7. To understand the principles of stability augmentation systems and autopilot control systems in aircraft operation, their functions and purposes.
8. To understand basic feedback control systems and classical frequency domain loop analysis.
9. To understand the characteristics of closed loop system responses.
10. To understand the characteristics of PID, Lead, Lag and Lead-Lag compensators, and to be competent in designing suitable compensators using Bode and Root-locus design techniques. To be able to design multi-loop control and guidance systems and understand the reasons for their structures.
Assessment Methods:
# Name Group Weight Due Week Outcomes
1 Assignment 2* No 20.00 Week 5 2, 3, 4, 5,
2 Assignment 3* No 20.00 Week 9 1, 2, 3, 4, 6,
3 Assignment 4* Yes 30.00 Week 13 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
4 Final Exam No 30.00 Exam Period 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
Assessment Description: Assignment: Aircraft response

Assignment: System Identification

Assignment: Control system design, closed loop response and system analysis

Final Exam: All material As scheduled. It is a requirement that to pass the course you must pass the exam.

Peer assessment will be used to determine each student`s final mark.

There may be statistically defensible moderation when combining the marks from each component to ensure consistency of marking between markers, and alignment of final grades with unit outcomes.

The penalty for lateness is 5% per day. The penalty would apply from the next calendar day after the deadline.

The penalty is a percentage of the available mark and is applied to the mark gained after the submitted work is marked (e.g., an assignment worth 100 marks is 1 day late. The content is given a mark of 75. With the 5% penalty, the final mark is 70).
Grading:
Grade Type Description
Standards Based Assessment Final grades in this unit are awarded at levels of HD for High Distinction, DI (previously D) for Distinction, CR for Credit, PS (previously P) for Pass and FA (previously F) for Fail as defined by University of Sydney Assessment Policy. Details of the Assessment Policy are available on the Policies website at http://sydney.edu.au/policies . Standards for grades in individual assessment tasks and the summative method for obtaining a final mark in the unit will be set out in a marking guide supplied by the unit coordinator.
Policies & Procedures: See the policies page of the faculty website at http://sydney.edu.au/engineering/student-policies/ for information regarding university policies and local provisions and procedures within the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies.
Recommended Reference/s: Note: References are provided for guidance purposes only. Students are advised to consult these books in the university library. Purchase is not required.
Online Course Content: https://canvas.sydney.edu.au/courses/16812

Note that the "Weeks" referred to in this Schedule are those of the official university semester calendar https://web.timetable.usyd.edu.au/calendar.jsp

Week Description
Week 1 Linearisation and small perturbation linear motion.
Review of Flight Dynamics Equations of motion:
Modes of motion.
Week 2 Laplace Transforms.
Review of Flight Dynamics Equations of motion cont'd:
Transfer functions.
Week 3 Partial fraction expansions.
Standard Input Forms - Steps, Ramps, etc.
Aircraft Response to Deterministic Inputs:
Week 4 Aircraft Open-Loop Performance Specification.
Open-Loop Response to Controls.
Aircraft Response to Deterministic Inputs cont'd:
Week 5 State Transition Matrix
Dynamic Systems Analysis for Aerospace:
Time and Frequency Domain Representations
Assessment Due: Assignment 2*
Week 6 Characteristic Equation.
Dynamic Systems Analysis for Aerospace cont'd:
System Stability and Performance.
Transfer Functions, Poles and Zeros.
Week 7 Stochastic Processes.
Basic Probability Concepts.
Aircraft Response to Stochastic Inputs:
Week 8 Aircraft Response to Stochastic Inputs cont'd:
Turbulence and Gust Modeling.
System Response to Stochastic Inputs.
Week 9 Aircraft Response to Turbulence.
Aircraft Response to Stochastic Inputs cont'd:
Assessment Due: Assignment 3*
Week 10 Closed loop stability and performance, closed loop C.E.
Stability augmentation and autopilot systems, loop structures.
Control Systems:
Week 11 Root-locus and Bode compensator design techniques.
Control systems cont'd: Compensators characteristics: PID, Lead, Lag, Lead-Lag.
Week 12 Control loop design.
Control systems cont'd:
Guidance loop design.
Week 13 Review and assignment completion.
Assessment Due: Assignment 4*
Exam Period Assessment Due: Final Exam

Course Relations

The following is a list of courses which have added this Unit to their structure.

Course Year(s) Offered
Aeronautical (till 2014) 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering / Arts 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering / Commerce 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering / Medical Science 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering / Project Management 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering / Science 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering / Law 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering (Space) / Commerce 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical (Space) (till 2014) 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering (Space) / Arts 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering (Space) / Medical Science 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering (Space) / Project Management 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering (Space) / Science 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Engineering (Space) / Law 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
Aeronautical Mid-Year 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2015
Aeronautical / Science (Medical Science Stream) 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical/ Project Management 2019, 2020
Aeronautical / Arts 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical / Commerce 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical / Medical Science 2015, 2016, 2017
Aeronautical / Music Studies 2016, 2017
Aeronautical / Project Management 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Aeronautical / Science 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical/Science (Health) 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical / Law 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Aeronautical (Space) 2015
Aeronautical (Space) / Arts 2015
Aeronautical (Space) / Commerce 2015
Aeronautical (Space) / Medical Science 2015
Aeronautical (Space) / Project Management 2015
Aeronautical (Space) / Science 2015
Aeronautical (Space) / Law 2015
Mechanical Mid-Year 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Mechanical/ Project Management 2019, 2020
Mechanical 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Mechanical / Science 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Mechanical/Science(Health) 2018, 2019, 2020
Mechatronic Mid-Year 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Mechatronic/ Project Management 2019, 2020
Mechatronic 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Mechatronic / Arts 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Chemical & Biomolecular/Science (Medical Science Stream) 2018, 2019, 2020

Course Goals

This unit contributes to the achievement of the following course goals:

Attribute Practiced Assessed
(8) Professional Effectiveness and Ethical Conduct (Level 3) No 0%
(7) Project and Team Skills (Level 3) No 5%
(6) Communication and Inquiry/ Research (Level 3) No 27%
(2) Engineering/ IT Specialisation (Level 5) No 68%
(1) Maths/ Science Methods and Tools (Level 4) No 0%

These goals are selected from Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018 which defines overall goals for courses where this unit is primarily offered. See Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018 for details of the attributes and levels to be developed in the course as a whole. Percentage figures alongside each course goal provide a rough indication of their relative weighting in assessment for this unit. Note that not all goals are necessarily part of assessment. Some may be more about practice activity. See Learning outcomes for details of what is assessed in relation to each goal and Assessment for details of how the outcome is assessed. See Attributes for details of practice provided for each goal.