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AERO9260: Aerodynamics 1 (2020 - Semester 2)

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Unit: AERO9260: Aerodynamics 1 (6 CP)
Mode: Normal-Day
On Offer: Yes
Level: Postgraduate
Faculty/School: School of Aerospace, Mechanical & Mechatronic Engineering
Unit Coordinator/s: Dr Vio, Gareth
Session options: Semester 2
Versions for this Unit:
Site(s) for this Unit:
Campus: Camperdown/Darlington
Pre-Requisites: AMME9261 OR AMME5200.
Prohibitions: AERO8260.
Brief Handbook Description: This unit of study should prepare students to be able to undertake aerodynamic performance calculations for industry design situations.

The unit aims to develop a knowledge and appreciation of the complex behaviour of airflow in the case of two dimensional aerofoil sections and three dimensional wings; To encourage hands-on experimentation with wind-tunnel tests to allow an understanding of these concepts and their range of applicability. To understand the limitations of linearised theory and the effects of unsteady flow.

At the end of this unit students will be able to: predict flow properties for general aircraft wing sections to obtain lift, drag and pitching moment; extrapolate section results to predict full three dimensional wing behaviour; undertake experiments and analyse data to verify theoretical predictions; construct simple computer algorithms that will allow more complex geometries to be solved; understand the limitations of theory and the effect of second order parameters (Reynolds number, Mach Number) to the primary flow properties.

Course content will include: construction and designation of two dimensional aerofoil sections; point vortex model of aerofoil; Joukowski transformation theory; thin aerofoil theory; linear lift properties for sections; limiting effects such as stall; calcualtion of pitching moment coefficient; methods for estimation of boundary flow and friction drag calculations; viscous-inviscid panel method numerical solutions; modelling of three dimension wing flows; lifting line theory and vortex lattice method; effects of downwash, aspect ratio, sweep angle and asymmetry.
Assumed Knowledge: Mathematics and Physics to the level of Bachelor of Science or equivalent. Linear Mathematics and Vector Calculus, Partial Differential Equations (Intro).
Lecturer/s: Dr Vio, Gareth
Timetable: AERO9260 Timetable
Time Commitment:
# Activity Name Hours per Week Sessions per Week Weeks per Semester
1 Lecture 3.00 3 13
2 Tutorial 2.00 1 13
3 Independent Study 6.00 13
4 Laboratory 3.00 1 3
T&L Activities: Laboratory: Wind tunnel laboratory sessions focusing on assignment problems will be held in dedicated laboratory session. 3 laboratory sessions during semester.

Lecture: Information on theory and concepts will be delivered in 3 1hr sessions every week.

Tutorial: Worked examples, help with assignments and feedback to and from students will be held in these 2hr sessions.

Learning outcomes are the key abilities and knowledge that will be assessed in this unit. They are listed according to the course goal supported by each. See Assessment Tab for details how each outcome is assessed.

Unassigned Outcomes
1. Predict flow properties for general aircraft wing sections to obtain lift, drag and pitching moment.
2. Extrapolate section results to predict full three-dimensional wing behaviour.
3. Undertake individual aerodynamic detailed analysis problem on unsteady flow.
4. Improved understanding of the use of software packages to solve fluid flow problems
5. Understand the limitations of theory and the effect of second-order parameters (Reynolds number, Mach Number) to the primary fluid-flow properties.
6. Construct simple computer algorithms that will allow more complex geometries to be solved.
7. Undertake experiments and analyse data to verify theoretical predictions.
8. Ability to present results of experimental findings undertaken.
Assessment Methods:
# Name Group Weight Due Week Outcomes
1 Assignment 1* No 15.00 Week 8 2, 4, 5, 7,
2 Assignment 2* Yes 15.00 Week 12 1, 2, 6, 7,
3 Final Exam No 40.00 Exam Period 1, 2, 5,
4 Lab 1 Report* No 5.00 Multiple Weeks 3,
5 Lab 2 Report No 5.00 Multiple Weeks 3, 8,
6 Weekly Question No 10.00 Multiple Weeks 1,
7 Design, Built & Test Yes 10.00 Multiple Weeks 1, 7, 8,
Assessment Description: * indicates an assessment task which must be repeated if a student misses it due to special consideration. Weekly submissions will be required as specified in classes. Final report will be a compilation of the submitted components. Penalties apply for non-submission.

Assignment 1: Application of potential flow to aerofoil analysis.

Laboratory 1: Pressure measurement around an object. Understanding or Reynolds number effects

Assignment 2: Analysis of 3D wings. Peer assessment will be used to determine each student`s final mark.

Laboratory 2: Analysis of Aerofoil Section. Stall and separation effects

Design, Build & Test: Design an aerofoil, build and pressure tap, and test. Peer assessment will be used to determine each student`s final mark.

Final Exam: 2 hour examination at end of semester. Revision of theory and concepts. It is a requirement that to pass the course you must achieve 40% of the examination mark regardless of the sum of your individual marks.

There may be statistically defensible moderation when combining the marks from each component to ensure consistency of marking between markers, and alignment of final grades with unit outcomes.

The penalty for lateness is 5% per day. The penalty would apply from the next calendar day after the deadline.

The penalty is a percentage of the available mark and is applied to the mark gained after the submitted work is marked (e.g., an assignment worth 100 marks is 1 day late. The content is given a mark of 75. With the 5% penalty, the final mark is 70).
Grade Type Description
Standards Based Assessment Final grades in this unit are awarded at levels of HD for High Distinction, DI (previously D) for Distinction, CR for Credit, PS (previously P) for Pass and FA (previously F) for Fail as defined by University of Sydney Assessment Policy. Details of the Assessment Policy are available on the Policies website at . Standards for grades in individual assessment tasks and the summative method for obtaining a final mark in the unit will be set out in a marking guide supplied by the unit coordinator.
Policies & Procedures: See the policies page of the faculty website at for information regarding university policies and local provisions and procedures within the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technologies.
Prescribed Text/s: Note: Students are expected to have a personal copy of all books listed.
  • Aerodynamics for Engineers
Recommended Reference/s: Note: References are provided for guidance purposes only. Students are advised to consult these books in the university library. Purchase is not required.
  • Aerodynamics for Engineering Students
  • Foundations of Aerodynamics
  • Fundamentals of Aerodynamics
  • Theory of Wing Sections
Online Course Content:
Note on Resources: Aerodynamics for Students :

Note that the "Weeks" referred to in this Schedule are those of the official university semester calendar

Week Description
Week 1 Introduction, review of prior concepts; lift, drag, pitching moment, wing and section geometry, nondimensional coefficients and numbers.
Week 2 Ideal potential flow, complex velocity, circulation and lift. Two and three dimensional flows.
Week 3 Lifting flat-plate solutions, thin aerofoil theory.
Week 4 Boundary layer theory, pressure and friction drag.
Week 5 Panel method solutions for aerofoil sections. Viscous/Inviscid interaction techniques.
Week 6 Aerofoil classes, laminar flow, supercritical. Typical properties. High Lift devices.
Week 7 Wind Tunnel and measurement correction techniques.
Week 8 Three-dimensional ideal flow, lifting line theory.
Assessment Due: Assignment 1*
Week 9 Vortex lattice methods.
Week 10 Low aspect ratio wing solutions.
Week 11 Effects of compressibility. Critical Mach number.
Week 12 Wing properties. Wing Fuselage interactions. Downwash effects.
Assessment Due: Assignment 2*
Week 13 Revision.
STUVAC (Week 14) -
Exam Period -
Assessment Due: Final Exam

Course Relations

The following is a list of courses which have added this Unit to their structure.

Course Year(s) Offered
Master of Professional Engineering (Aerospace) 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020

Course Goals

This unit contributes to the achievement of the following course goals:

Attribute Practiced Assessed
(8) Professional Effectiveness and Ethical Conduct (Level 3) No 0%
(7) Project and Team Skills (Level 4) No 0%
(6) Communication and Inquiry/ Research (Level 2) No 0%
(2) Engineering/ IT Specialisation (Level 4) No 0%
(1) Maths/ Science Methods and Tools (Level 4) No 0%

These goals are selected from Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018 which defines overall goals for courses where this unit is primarily offered. See Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018 for details of the attributes and levels to be developed in the course as a whole. Percentage figures alongside each course goal provide a rough indication of their relative weighting in assessment for this unit. Note that not all goals are necessarily part of assessment. Some may be more about practice activity. See Learning outcomes for details of what is assessed in relation to each goal and Assessment for details of how the outcome is assessed. See Attributes for details of practice provided for each goal.