CIVL5276: Bridge Engineering (2021 - Semester 2)

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Unit: CIVL5276: Bridge Engineering (6 CP)
Mode: Normal-Day
On Offer: Yes
Level: Postgraduate
Faculty/School: School of Civil Engineering
Unit Coordinator/s: Ariyaratne, Wije
Session options: Semester 2
Versions for this Unit:
Campus: Camperdown/Darlington
Pre-Requisites: None.
Brief Handbook Description: This course will provide students a wide knowledge and understanding of Bridge Engineering enabling them to be future practical bridge engineers.

The course consists of 4 parts, as detailed below:

Part 1 covers Introduction to Bridge Assets, Sustainability and Bridge Design Investigation.

Part 2 covers Bridge Design to AS5100-2017

Part 3 covers Bridge Asset Management – Materials of construction, Asset Managers’ challenges, Maintenance, Rehabilitation and Bridge Information System

Part 4 covers Types of Non-Destructive Bridge Load Testing and Structural Health Monitoring, and Benefits of Application of these Procedures
Assumed Knowledge: (CIVL2201 AND CIVL3205 AND CIVL3206) OR (CIVL9201 AND CIVL9205 AND CIVL9206). Students who have not completed Concrete Structures (CIVL3205 or CIVL9205) will be very disadvantaged and should not attempt this unit.
Timetable: CIVL5276 Timetable
Time Commitment:
# Activity Name Hours per Week Sessions per Week Weeks per Semester
1 Lecture 2.00 1 13
2 Tutorial 1.00 1 13
3 Workshop 1.00 1 13
4 Independent Study 5.00 1 13
T&L Activities: A modular blended learning model comprising lecture, tutorial, workshop and immersive virtual reality (IVR) sessions, on-line forums and team based activities will be employed in the course.

The tutorial sessions help students to practice and gain a deep understanding of the contents. The tutorials enable students to learn how to formulate a problem and justify it, and to respond to questions/challenges. Students are able to ask questions of a tutor and receive feedback and feedforward through their learning process.

Workshops have been timetabled to provide an opportunity for students to practice and engage in problem-based learning activities in order to apply the theoretical concepts by working on innovative and real-world design projects. Students are able to reflect on their own learning and receive feedback from peers through collaboration with students from same/other groups.

Students should expect to spend at least 4 hours per week outside university hours, continuation of the work carried out in class.

Attributes listed here represent the key course goals (see Course Map tab) designated for this unit. The list below describes how these attributes are developed through practice in the unit. See Learning Outcomes and Assessment tabs for details of how these attributes are assessed.

Attribute Development Method Attribute Developed
Students must consider scientific principles underpinning a selected engineering projects and apply mathematical methods for design and assessment of structures. (1) Maths/ Science Methods and Tools (Level 4)
Advanced expertise required for engineering analysis and design of concrete, steel and timber bridges and for developing strategies for sustaining existing bridges in an environment of increasing loads. (2) Engineering/ IT Specialisation (Level 4)
Students will collect relevant data to inform judgements, decisions and design of projects. (3) Problem Solving and Inventiveness (Level 4)
Ability to formulate and solve problems using appropriate methods of analysis, and ability to apply available standards/guidelines (4) Design (Level 4)
The assessment is designed to require multiple engineering disciplinary perspectives as well as tools and techniques. (5) Interdisciplinary, Inclusiveness, Influence (Level 4)
Methods of site investigation and determining residual strength and/or lifetime of standing structures, ability to source, understand and apply standards.
Ability to search and interpret source documents.
(6) Communication and Inquiry/ Research (Level 3)
Students will work in teams that requires students to employ synchronous and asynchronous methods of collaboration, review team performance regularly, and deliver a coherent team product that is both informative and influential. Individuals within the team will need to take responsibility for leading different components of the team assignment to produce a quality outcome. (7) Project and Team Skills (Level 3)

For explanation of attributes and levels see Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018.

Learning outcomes are the key abilities and knowledge that will be assessed in this unit. They are listed according to the course goal supported by each. See Assessment Tab for details how each outcome is assessed.

(6) Communication and Inquiry/ Research (Level 3)
1. Demonstrate written, oral and graphical communication skills at professional engineering standard including capacity to debate, negotiate, justify an engineering position.
(7) Project and Team Skills (Level 3)
2. Manage mature team relationships through inclusive work practices, respecting cultural diversity
3. Communicate about complex issues with novices, address team issues through conflict resolution and use a network to connect with others.
(5) Interdisciplinary, Inclusiveness, Influence (Level 4)
4. Evaluate & synthesise a wide range of resources demonstrating research skills & ability to work across disciplines.
(4) Design (Level 4)
5. Be able to apply available strengthening standards/guidelines
6. Understand the engineering design process of timber structures based on principles of limit state and serviceability
7. Have skills to design a strengthening scheme for concrete, steel, and timber structures
(2) Engineering/ IT Specialisation (Level 4)
8. Understand the basics on structural inspection and assessment
(3) Problem Solving and Inventiveness (Level 4)
9. Relate the knowledge of timber and strengthening design to practical design problems in a problem-based learning environment
10. Understand the advantages of using timber as construction material
11. Have skills to identify and analyse suitable strengthening techniques for a specific structural condition
12. Competently addresses complex problems requiring interdisciplinary knowledge, under some supervision.
(1) Maths/ Science Methods and Tools (Level 4)
13. Have a sound knowledge of AS 1720.1-2010 timber structures-design methods, and AS NZS 4063.1-2010 characterization of structural timber-test methods
Assessment Methods:
# Name Group Weight Due Week Outcomes
1 Early-mid design and peer review/feedback* No 0.00 Week 4 1, 3, 5, 8, 12,
2 Bridge design project No 25.00 Week 7 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 12,
3 Bridge asset management project Yes 25.00 Week 12 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12,
4 Final Exam* No 50.00 Exam Period 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13,
Assessment Description: - Final exam will assess the student`s ability in designing a bridge / element and also in developing a proposal for effectively managing an existing bridge with some issues. You must get at least 45% in the final exam to pass the unit, regardless of the sum of your individual marks.

- Projects will assess student`s abilities to develop the required objectives of the subject and gain sound knowledge of design and asset management of bridges. Workshops are designed to provide appropriate level of help to students for their projects.
Grade Type Description
Standards Based Assessment Final grades in this unit are awarded at levels of HD for High Distinction, DI (previously D) for Distinction, CR for Credit, PS (previously P) for Pass and FA (previously F) for Fail as defined by University of Sydney Assessment Policy. Details of the Assessment Policy are available on the Policies website at . Standards for grades in individual assessment tasks and the summative method for obtaining a final mark in the unit will be set out in a marking guide supplied by the unit coordinator.
Prescribed Text/s: Note: Students are expected to have a personal copy of all books listed.
Recommended Reference/s: Note: References are provided for guidance purposes only. Students are advised to consult these books in the university library. Purchase is not required.
Note on Resources: Course Lecture Notes

Note that the "Weeks" referred to in this Schedule are those of the official university semester calendar

Week Description
Week 1 Welcome and Introduction to Bridge asset
Week 2 Sustainability and Aesthetics of bridges
Week 3 Bridge Design Investigation - Site Selection and Site Investigation
Week 4 Bridge Design Investigation - Waterway, Geotechnical and Environmental Investigations and Heritage and Work Health and Safety Issues
Assessment Due: Early-mid design and peer review/feedback*
Week 5 Selection of Structural Forms and Bridge Types
Week 6 Bridge Design to AS5100-2017: Design and other Loads, Overview and examples of Structural Forms and Deck Types
Week 7 Bridge Design and analysis methods
Assessment Due: Bridge design project
Week 8 Bridge Design and Analysis methods
Week 9 Overview of design - Abutments, Piers, Foundations, Traffic Barriers, Bearings and Joints
Week 10 Bridge Asset Management - Maintenance, Rehabilitation, Strengthening and De-commissioning
Week 11 Bridge Information Systems - Inspections and Condition States
Week 12 Structural Assessment Techniques and Methodologies
Assessment Due: Bridge asset management project
Week 13 Non-destructive Bridge Load Testing and Structural Health Monitoring
Exam Period Assessment Due: Final Exam*

Course Relations

The following is a list of courses which have added this Unit to their structure.

Course Year(s) Offered
Civil/ Project Management 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022
Civil 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022
Civil / Arts 2017, 2021, 2022
Civil / Commerce 2021, 2022
Civil / Design in Architecture 2021, 2022
Civil / Project Management 2017, 2018, 2022
Civil / Science 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022
Civil/Science (Health) 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022
Civil / Law 2021
Civil Mid-Year 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022
Civil/Science (Medical Science Stream) 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022
Master of Professional Engineering (Accelerated) (Civil) 2021, 2022
Master of Professional Engineering (Accelerated) (Structural) 2021, 2022
Master of Professional Engineering (Civil) 2021, 2022
Master of Professional Engineering (Structural) 2021, 2022

Course Goals

This unit contributes to the achievement of the following course goals:

Attribute Practiced Assessed
(6) Communication and Inquiry/ Research (Level 3) Yes 5%
(7) Project and Team Skills (Level 3) Yes 7.5%
(5) Interdisciplinary, Inclusiveness, Influence (Level 4) Yes 6.25%
(4) Design (Level 4) Yes 35%
(2) Engineering/ IT Specialisation (Level 4) Yes 7.5%
(3) Problem Solving and Inventiveness (Level 4) Yes 31.25%
(1) Maths/ Science Methods and Tools (Level 4) Yes 7.5%

These goals are selected from Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018 which defines overall goals for courses where this unit is primarily offered. See Engineering & IT Graduate Outcomes Table 2018 for details of the attributes and levels to be developed in the course as a whole. Percentage figures alongside each course goal provide a rough indication of their relative weighting in assessment for this unit. Note that not all goals are necessarily part of assessment. Some may be more about practice activity. See Learning outcomes for details of what is assessed in relation to each goal and Assessment for details of how the outcome is assessed. See Attributes for details of practice provided for each goal.